Diamond Nucleus Aluminum nucleus
Aluminum Nucleus 
Nucleus of Rhodium 113 Argon LNH Atomic Model Silicon 28 nucleus ?
Argon Atomic Model
Rhodium               Nucleus
Silicon 28

A radically new and revolutionary model of the atom is proposed to address the numerous deficiencies and errors in the Bohr-Rutherford theory, which is irremediably inconsistent with much of chemistry and physics, and a growing number of contemporary anomalies.  The conventional planetary model (and its refinements) is consequently replaced with a simple, yet very powerful concept, which incorporates the recent discovery of the Tetra-Neutron at the GANIL Accelerator and a loose variant of the Mills Hydrino; a fractional quantum state of Hydrogen. 

By way of distinction, the Lattice Nested Hydreno (LNH) atomic model, effectively reintegrates chemistry and nuclear physics providing logical and frequently intuitive means for understanding a wide variety of nuclear and chemical phenomena, both familiar and previously unexplained.  In effect, the LNH model represents a move from an empirically based, indeterminate science, to a highly deterministic logic. The glaring disconnect between the  atomic and macroscopic reality has been effectively eliminated. This is in stark contrast to the tenets of modern science that would suggest that relative chaos at the atomic and nuclear scale, somehow produces order and structure at the macroscopic scale.
As an extremely close pass on literal reality, the new atomic model allows the user to explain in a very concise and logical fashion, a vast array of unaccounted for chemical and nuclear data and observations that are presently without any fundamental understanding whatsoever.  Its astounding determinism and predictive value is without precedent, accounting for meticulous details such as why Tin has 10 stable isotopes of predominately even atomic weights and tetrahedral bonding; why Technetium doesn’t exist naturally; why Rhodium behaves as a catalyst with only one stable isotope; why metals naturally arrange their atoms in clearly defined crystal structures of generally high strength; why Uranium 235 is thermal neutron fissionable, while U238 is not; why there are no stable elements between Bi82 and Th90; the difference between thermonuclear and cold fission reactions; what really causes superconductivity, and so on, through literally thousands of unaccounted for empirical observations.

The new model also handily accommodates several new classes of low energy fusion and fission reactions that have been reported in reputable publications such as Fusion Technology.  One class of reaction produces visible microgram quantities of Iron, and numerous other elements from the Passive Inertial Confinement (PIC) fusion of simple molecules and smaller atoms in a bench top, carbon arc electrolysis cell.  In some cases these same reactions have been found to be reversible as Cold fission reactions yielding stable daughter products without radiation or the large release of energy that attends conventional thermonuclear reactions.  These low energy induced reactions are frequently very predictable yielding determinate end products according to simple chemo-nuclear reactions including,  2 8O16  >>  16S32  which evidently proves that nuclei have definitive structure in contrast to the assertions of conventional theory.

The theory offered to explain these anomalies invokes the well established reality of the Casimir Effect as exhibited in the peculiar properties of Sonoluminescence, Condensed Charge phenomena, Cavity Quantum Electromagnetics and the Negentropic implosion of quasi-stable hydrogen oxide gas.  All of these phenomena are believed to cohere the otherwise random Zero-Point Energy (ZPE) of the Vacuum Fluctuations of Quantum field theory. These same concepts are incorporated into a new model of the atom with profound implications for many fields of science and engineering, constituting the foundation of a much-anticipated Grand Unified Theory, neatly integrating the four forces of nature (gravity, electromagnetism, strong and weak) under a singular concept. 

A major implication of the new model, is that the Strong force is understood to be an ultra-close range Casimir Effect, that literally holds the nucleus together from the outside by virtue of the continuous, impelling force from the photon, radiation pressure of the Zero-Point Field energy, estimated to be >1018 kPa, rather than the conventional view of internal “glue” like bonding.  Another major outcome, is that the chemistry and most other properties of the atom and bulk matter are ultimately determined by the geometric, crystalline structure of the nucleus based on a fundamental tetrahedral space unit. 

Furthermore, it is asserted that the entire material structure of the atom, is in fact, a complex assembly of composite standing wave, energy vortices, constituting spheroid force fields.  These spherical forcefields, analogous to a soap bubble or balloon, are sustained by a combination of harmonic resonance, interference and brute force interactions with the ubiquitous ZPE spectrum of space that exists well beyond cosmic rays at 1022 Hz.  In effect the ZPE sustains all matter and forces, and ultimately supplies all observable forms of energy. 

The foundational concepts of the model also happen to be applicable to the wider scope of the physical sciences including: what causes mass, gravity and inertial forces; why matter and mass are not the same thing; the real nature of so called dark matter.  Indeed, the entire collection of Standard Theory from Newton to Einstein, Faraday to Maxwell is consequently being reworked within this new scientific paradigm to arrive at a far more fundamental level of understanding, starting with a single well established concept, already widely reported in Quantum Field theory and backed with solid experimental data.  The existence of this singular reality at the root of all physical phenomena in the Universe constitutes the first real attempt at the much anticipated Theory of Everything, or Final Theory.

This move, from a superficial, empirical science to one of greater depth, and determinism was facilitated in part by extricating the engineering Work Function (W=Fd), which was misappropriated into the body of scientific knowledge as a fundamental truth, rather than the simple closed system engineering tool that it is.  This one grave error has apparently curtailed progress in many areas of science and technology over the past 300 years, restricting our inquiries to a very superficial level of understanding.  As a corrective measure, a new fundamental form of energy is formally recognized, in addition to the widely applied concepts of Potential (Ep) and Kinetic Energy (Ek).  This new form, tentatively referred to as Sustaining Energy (Es), literally maintains all the "static" and steady state forces of material systems, through continuous interaction with the ZPE of space. 

This includes all systems, from the fundamental particles of matter to the Universal scale.  It is, for instance, recognized that a continuous input of energy is required to sustain the forces required to maintain the integrity of the atom.  On the macro-scale it is also recognized that the earth’s gravitational field requires a constant, unseen input of sustaining energy in order to maintain the force required to keep the moon in its orbit, or for that matter, objects clinging (or more correctly impelled) to its surface.

Having formally labeled this new form of energy, a vast array of revolutionary technologies are envisioned and legitimized, which utilize transient non equilibrium interactions between matter and the seething energy flux of the vacuum.  This  new field of Quantum Vacuum Engineering will soon provide clean energy systems that require no material fuel; field effect propulsion systems, requiring no material reaction medium; and low energy induced nuclear reactions, all of which have been reported by independent labs around the world and frequently occur naturally in great abundance. 

A massive, scientific renaissance is consequently in the works involving an all-encompassing reformation of the entire spectrum of science. The ensuing wave of breakthrough technologies within the growing field of QVac Engineering set to occur on the near horizon is bound to surprise even the most jaded Sci-fi enthusiast, providing all manner of practical solutions to wide array of pressing Global issues, not to mention preserving our planet from environmental catastrophe.  

© 2006, 2007 Mark Porringa
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